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What’s the difference between metaphysics and epistemology?
This blog will go over the differences between these two branches of philosophy and get some history about each to help you understand as clearly as possible—the differences between the two and why they’re each important to human understanding.
Epistemology is the study of the nature, origin, and scope of knowledge. Epistemology is the branch of philosophy that deals with questions of knowledge. Like how does one know what is true? And what’s not, how do you know that you even know something? What even is knowledge?
Metaphysics, on the other hand, Is the branch of philosophy that studies. What is Ultimate Reality? Answering questions, Like what is there? And what is it like? What metaphysics specifically studies and what precisely it is controversial and difficult to Define, though. The reason being is this branch of philosophy and what it attempts to solve has changed throughout the centuries. However, questions like what is the person? Is it a time or a real thing? What’s the nature of Ultimate Reality? There is one all have to do with metaphysics
what were issues that had to do with being an eternal thing
However, many philosophers until the 17th century questioned knowledge and issues that had to do with being an eternal thing. It was then that what is now referred to as new metaphysics and formal epistemological philosophy was born specifically. The French philosopher Rene Descartes thought by many to be the founder of modern philosophy, began to distinguish between epistemology and metaphysics with Cartesian skepticism questions, what we could truly know, although unlikely.
What if a powerful demon were tricking our senses, making it seems that, What was reality was something else, the modern version of this argument is what if we’re just a brain in a vat being fed information that makes it seem like we have arms, legs and live in reality until Descartes philosophers generally took the world to be what it was.
But now, since we can’t know for sure what it’s real, Descartes wrote. We need a stable foundation of knowledge before we can create a metaphysical system; after all, it’s through knowledge that metaphysicians claimed to be able to say what reality is they Descartes, who was what is called a continental rationalist, believed one could come to obvious rational conclusions about what reality is and thus, begin building metaphysical Systems off of those very basic conclusions.
His “cogito ergo sum,” or I think, therefore conclusion to a skeptical problem gave him a foundation to build on. Of course, his conclusions are heavily contested. But the important thing is he and the Continental rationalist left us is to have metaphysics and do metaphysics. One would have to solve problems of epistemology first.
What are these fundamental questions in epistemology?
All the questions and Ask of epistemology can be sorted into two main categories.
1. Determining the nature of knowledge.
What is it? How do we distinguish between someone who knows something and someone who fails to know something?
2. Determining the extent of what we can know
How do we acquire knowledge? Now, there are limits to what we can know.
Philosophers believe knowledge, specially Propositional knowledge, is comprised of three core parts belief and acceptance that a statement is true or That something exists truth or the idea that wants beliefs are by reality or objective facts and justification, or why one has good reason for hoarding their beliefs that’s issues around justification that have let many great philosophers from Descartes time onward, to conclude that Humanity can know nothing or at most very little.
Those called epistemological Skeptics conclude that one need not pursue metaphysical all. Since we can’t and even know anything about claims that makes. First, one of the great epistemological Skeptics 18th centuries of pure assist, David Hume, argued that knowledge and truths could only come from two sources.
- relations of ideas
- matters of fact in real existence
Relation of ideas refers to knowledge discoverable by your operation of thought, like all Bachelors are unmarried, or those of algebra and arithmetic like two plus two equals four. Matters of fact refer to empirical knowledge about the role, which we derive from perception and science like it’s raining outside or the acceleration of gravity is 9.8 meters per second. Like a fork, both prongs can’t touch. Meaning matters of fact can influence relations of ideas and vice versa for any other type of knowledge, including metaphysical theories, about
Reality Hume declares committed that to the Flames or it can contain nothing but sophistry and illusion. Skepticism that metaphysics was impossible continued into the 20th century with the logical positivist movement, which Echo, David Humes earlier, empiricist, work. These philosophers, including A.J. air. And those in the Vienna Circle school of thought believe that only statements verifiable through Direct Observation or logical proof are meaningful.
The meaning of a statement was the prediction of observable results of an experiment. Thus there is no need to postulate the existence of any objects. Other than these very basic observations. In other words, There’s no need to do metaphysics, and metaphysical claims require more knowledge. What can be learned in an observable experiment?
Logical positivism and pure empiricism
Only has been into the last several decades that metaphysics has been reborn. So to speak. Logical positivism and pure empiricism proved to be self-defeating philosophies Air himself stated that the most important defect of logical positivism was nearly all of it were false after all, the statement that only statements, which can be verified by experience are meaningful isn’t itself not verifiable the bulk of epistemological Skeptics Helped us realize that pure verifiable knowledge is impossible since subjects perceive the world, but we can’t have partial knowledge of things, which can then be used to help make metaphysical claims and understand reality better.
So, epistemology studies knowledge and what we can know. What exactly does metaphysics study now? Well, the truth is, there’s not enough for consensus on what metaphysics does or how it’s supposed to work. For example, in one sense, philosophers believe the job of metaphysics is to run parallel to science, helping derive Conclusions about fundamental reality.
Metaphysics typical questions
For others, metaphysics is a catch-all branch of philosophy in which we don’t have questions that don’t specifically fit into epistemology, ethics, or logic alone. Perhaps, Metaphysics is best understood by some of the problems. It seeks to answer. A few of them are ongoing to this very day: number one, those of ontology or branch of metaphysics that studies being in existence exclusively.
Ontologists are trying to determine Things about being like, like, how we group similar Things into basic categories. For example, we notice many things white like the snow or a car. What exactly is white? Is it What’s called an own universal thing that appears on many individual things? Or do the universals not exist Only individual things that have a resemblance? It also tends to answer things. Which of these entities exist on the most fundamental level? For example, what’s a person? Isn’t a person just a large group of cells, but on cells just atoms, so that means a person is simply an illusion and fundamentally just atoms in a certain Arrangement?
Another example is the philosophy of mind in a world that appears to be just nature and the laws of nature.
Where does the human mind fit in? What is consciousness exactly?
Is it a particular type of substance separate from everything else? Are the mind and matter Simply one substance All the same. Metaphysics also deals with causation, determinism, and Free Will. Was there a single causal event for all the existence to cost between two events like a boat hitting an iceberg and sinking or just two entities of things like the boat in the iceberg? Suppose things are all caused by previous factors. How come we have free will to make our own choices?
Space and time also issue in new metaphysics questions include here can include what exactly is space and time and how do they relate? Why does time seem to move in One Direction Only, do abstract objects like mathematics exist outside of the framework of time.
I hope this short blog began to help you differentiate between epistemology and metaphysics. But of these branches of philosophy or alive and well today and work together to help us answer questions. No, other species seem to want to ask, like what is reality? Who are we? And what is our purpose if there is one?